When it comes to fertility rates, there are many factors that play an important role. 10 factors that are ‘somewhat’ out of the control of a woman include:
- Availability of legal abortions
- Religious beliefs/cultural norms
- Availability of pension systems
- The rate at which children are needed for an effective labor force
- The educational and employment opportunities that women have
- Infant mortality rate
- Cost of raising/educating a child
- Availability of birth control methods
- Average age of marriage
On the other hand, there are many fertility factors that can be controlled, all of which directly affect a woman’s chances of becoming pregnant.
Here’s a quick look at 6 of them:
There’s nothing good about smoking. It damages a woman’s eggs as well as increases her chances of having an ectopic pregnancy. A woman can quit smoking and the associated infertility issues will be reversed.
2. Being over or underweight
A woman who has a body fat level that is 10 to 15 percent over or under what it should be will majorly affect her chances at getting pregnant. Being overweight causes the body to produce massive amounts of estrogen, which usually leads to having irregular menstrual cycles. Being underweight can cause the entire reproductive process to cease.
3. Certain medications
There are many medications — antidepressants, painkillers, antibiotics — that negatively affect fertility. If a woman is trying to conceive and is taking medications, she should speak with her doctor about the influence that her meds might have. She may find that she needs to stop taking some of them, or possibly switch to a different type.
4. Alcohol consumption
5. Stressful situations
Stress leads to fluctuations in hormones, which can cause the reproductive process to be thrown out of balance. If a woman finds herself to be overly stressed, she should avoid the culprit of the problem — excessive work, substance abuse, domestic violence.
6. Contracting an STD
Fallopian tube disease is a major cause of infertility. Sometimes, this disease cannot be avoided, however, for some women, the only reason they develop it is because they have contracted an STD. By practicing safe sex, a woman reduces her chances of getting an STD, which is crucial for fertility.
If you’re trying to get pregnant, it’s imperative that you understand there are many lifestyle changes that you can make to improve your odds at being able to conceive. Also, keep in mind that using ovulation test kits can help you identify the best times to have sex. If you don’t become pregnant within six months of trying, it’s highly suggested that you visit a fertility specialist to see if there are any underlying issues.