According to the American Cancer Society, ovarian cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in the U.S. and the fifth most common that affects women in the U.S. Medical News Today says that one in about 70 women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer during her life. Read on to learn some of the risk factors for ovarian cancer.
Cigarette smoking is considered to be a culprit for three percent of cases of ovarian cancer. Women who currently smoke are 31 to 49 percent more likely to develop ovarian mucinous cancer compared to those who’ve never smoked. The length http://www.activebeat.co/your-health/women/7-common-risk-factors-for-ovarian-cancer/of time smoking matters significantly.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS can increase the risk for certain cancers including ovarian and breast cancer. The risk of ovarian cancer is tripled for those who suffer from PCOS. It’s important to have annual pelvic exams to screen for ovarian cancer, especially if you have been diagnosed with PCOS.
There are a number of age differentiators that can predispose women to ovarian cancer later, according to research from the Mayo Clinic. For example, early menstruation — before age 12— is connected to an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Also, if you begin menopause after age 52, you may be at a greater risk of developing ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer can affect women of any age group, but is most likely to develop in those between ages 50 and 60.
BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutation
These inherited gene mutations are a lesser cause of ovarian cancer (and breast cancer), according to the Mayo Clinic. These genes also cause Lynch syndrome, which is a kind of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) caused by the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations. Lynch syndrome is connected to higher rates of ovarian cancer.
Certain studies that are quoted by the National Cancer Society connect the usage of some fertility drugs to an increased risk of ovarian cancer. For example, they point to the drug clomiphene citrate taken for longer than a year as a risk factor for low malignant potential ovarian tumors. Doctors should advise those undergoing fertility treatments of the risk factors. For example, the risks are quite a bit higher in women who are infertile and unable to conceive while taking the drug compared to those who become pregnant and carry a baby to term normally.